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Traits regarding the individuals. Traits regarding the individuals, stratified by HIV status, are shown in dining dining dining Table 1.

Traits regarding the individuals. Traits regarding the individuals, stratified by HIV status, are shown in dining dining dining Table 1.

Traits for the individuals, stratified by HIV status, are shown in dining dining Table 1. Almost all of men (60.8 percent) considered by themselves HIV-negative, 153 males (26.5 percent) HIV-positive, and 73 (12.7 per cent) failed to understand their HIV status at period of enrolment. The entire median age ended up being 37 (IQR 30–43) years. HIV-positive males had been dramatically older and reported more lovers than HIV-negative or men that are HIV-unawareP Table 1 Characteristics of 577 males that have sex with males, stratified by self-perceived HIV status, Amsterdam, 2008-9

Online and offline partner and partnership faculties

Traits of on the internet and offline lovers and partnerships are shown in dining Table 2. The median age associated with lovers ended up being 34 years (IQR 28–40). In comparison to offline lovers, more online partners were Dutch (61.3 per cent vs. 54.0 percent; P Table 2 traits of 1781 intimate lovers and partnerships of 577 males who possess intercourse with guys, in the form of how a participant founded the partnership, Amsterdam, 2008-9

In extra file 1: Table S1 faculties of lovers and partnerships stratified by HIV status of individuals are shown. UAI ended up being significantly more typical in partnerships of HIV-positive guys (49 per cent) compared to partnerships of HIV-negative guys (13 percent) or HIV-unaware guys (28 per cent) (P dining dining Table 3 regularity of UAI by partner purchase (online or offline) by participant’s and partner’s HIV status

Association between online/offline dating and UAI

In univariate analysis, UAI had been much more prone to occur in on the web than in offline partnerships (OR = 1.36 95 per cent CI 1.03–1.81) (Table 4). The HIV that is self-perceived for the participant had been strongly related to UAI (OR = 11.70 95 per cent CI 7.40–18.45). The consequence of dating location on UAI differed by HIV status, since may be seen best in Table 5. Dining dining Table 5 shows the relationship of online dating sites using three reference that is different, one for every HIV status. Among HIV-positive males, UAI ended up being more widespread in online compared to offline partnerships (OR = 1.61 95 per cent CI 1.03–2.50). No association ended up being obvious between UAI and online partnerships (OR = 1.07 95 percent CI 0.71–1.62) among HIV-negative men. Among HIV-unaware males, UAI ended up being more widespread in online in comparison to offline partnerships, though perhaps perhaps perhaps not statistically significant (OR = 1.65 95 percent CI 0.79–3.44).

In the 1st multivariate model (Tables 4 and 5), including only demographic and intimate behavior factors for the participant, the associations between online dating and UAI were nearly the same as those who work within the univariate model (aOR = 1.65 95 per cent CI 1.05–2.57 for HIV-positive males, and aOR = 1.04 95 per cent CI 0.69–1.59 for HIV-negative males, and aOR = 1.85 95 % CI 0.86–3.98 for HIV-unaware guys) ( dining dining dining Table 5).

In multivariate model 2 (Tables 4 and 5), variables in regards to the partnership had been added (life style concordance, cultural concordance, and HIV concordance). Among HIV-positive guys the effectation of fulfilling location on UAI ended up being smaller and not any longer significant (aOR = 1.43 95 percent CI 0.89–2.31; dining Table 5).

In multivariate model 3 (Tables 4 and 5), also including variables concerning intimate behavior in the partnership (sex-related numerous medication usage, intercourse regularity and partner kind), the separate aftereffect of online dating sites location on UAI became significantly more powerful (though maybe perhaps not significant) when it comes to HIV-positive males (aOR = 1.62 95 percent CI; 0.96–2.72), but stayed comparable for HIV-negative males (aOR = 0.94 95 per cent CI 0.59–1.48). The end result of internet dating on UAI became more powerful (and significant) for HIV-unaware males (aOR = 2.55 95 % CI 1.11–5.86) ( Dining Table 5).

Perceived concordance of HIV status ended up being connected with UAI in models 2 and 3 (Table 4). In model 3, HIV discordance (aOR = 0.15 95 per cent CI 0.08–0.30) or HIV that is unknown (aOR = 0.25 95 per cent CI 0.16–0.40) had been adversely connected with UAI (Table 4).

We investigated the consequence of self-perceived HIV concordance on UAI separately for HIV-positive and men that are HIV-negative. The consequence of self-perceived HIV concordance on UAI had been very good in HIV-positive guys (aOR 24.09 95 % CI 9.17–63.31), yet not in HIV-negative guys (aOR 0.42 95 per cent CI 0.14–1.27).

The amount of sex lovers into the preceding six months regarding the index ended up being additionally related to UAI (OR = 6.79 95 per cent CI 2.86–16.13 for those of you with 50 or even more current sex lovers in comparison to people that have less than 5 present intercourse lovers). UAI had been significantly more likely if more sex functions had took place the partnership (OR = 16.29 95 percent CI 7.07–37.52 for 10 intercourse acts inside the partnership in comparison to only 1 intercourse work). Other facets somewhat related to UAI had been team intercourse inside the partnership, and sex-related drug that is multiple within partnership.

I think I may be HIV positive” to the category Unknown, rather than to the category HIV-positive), the results were unchanged when we repeated the analyses using a different categorization of self-perceived HIV status (assigning those who indicated. A sensitiveness analysis, including only information of partnerships by which only 1 intercourse work had happened, revealed results that are similar the association between online dating sites and UAI (data perhaps perhaps maybe not shown).


In this study that is large MSM going to the STI center in Amsterdam, we discovered no evidence that online dating sites ended up being independently related to a greater chance of UAI than offline dating. For HIV-negative males this not enough assocation had been clear (aOR = 0.94 95 per cent CI 0.59–1.48); among HIV-positive guys there was clearly a non-significant relationship between online dating sites and UAI (aOR = 1.62 95 percent CI 0.96–2.72). Just among guys whom suggested these were perhaps perhaps not conscious of their HIV status (a tiny team in this research), UAI had been more prevalent with online than offline lovers.

Among HIV-positive males, in univariate analysis UAI ended up being reported much more usually with online lovers than with offline lovers. Whenever adjusting for partner faculties, the consequence of online/offline dating on UAI among HIV-positive MSM became notably smaller and became non-significant; this suggests that variations in partnership facets between on the internet and offline partnerships have the effect of the increased UAI in online founded partnerships. This could be because of a mediating aftereffect of more info on lovers, (including recognized HIV status) on UAI, or even to other factors. Among HIV-negative guys no effectation of internet dating on UAI ended up being seen, either in univariate or in any of the multivariate models. Among HIV-unaware males, online dating sites ended up being related to UAI but just significant when incorporating partner and partnership factors to your model.

The info additionally declare that concordance in HIV status is a predictor that is important UAI in most teams (HIV- positive, -negative, and –unaware males). Concordance in HIV status may be much more essential for HIV-positive guys compared to other people, as well as perhaps Web dating really helps to evaluate each HIV that is other’s more effortlessly.

An integral power with this research ended up being so it explored the connection between online dating sites and UAI among MSM that has present intimate experience of both online and offline casual lovers. This avoided bias due to prospective differences when considering guys just dating on the internet and people just offline that is dating a weakness of a few past studies. By recruiting individuals during the biggest STI outpatient center in holland we could add a lot of MSM, and steer clear of prospective variations in guys sampled through online or interviewing that is face-to-face weaknesses in certain previous studies 3, 11.

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